Ultralight and the Art of Tying Shoestrings

  • Category Weight
  • THE BIG FOUR
    5.22 lb
  • UTILITY
    1.4 lb
  • CLOTHING (mostly from home)
    4.84 lb
  • ISO FUEL COOK KIT
    0.75 lb
  • FOOD
    2 lb
  • WATER
    4.1 lb
  • EMERGENCY & HYGIENE
    0.27 lb
  • Total 18.58
    lb
    • oz
    • lb
    • g
    • kg
  • Consumable 6.13 lb
  • Worn 3.65 lb
  • Base Weight 8.81 lb

Description

The list is after the guide, scroll to the bottom for the list.

First published April 2016
Last edited January, 2019

INTRODUCTION

This is a guide and 3-season list of affordable and ultralight (UL) backpacking items that are held in good favor of the /r/Ultralight community, that being said, this list is entirely curated by myself and contains a significant portion of my own personally generated content. A lot of the reason for creating this list was to reduce the startup cost for my friends and coworkers looking to lighten their load and get outdoors. The primary portion of this list is comprised of items which are affordable, lightweight, and of good quality. Ideally, this can all be done on a shoestring budget of around $500.

Ultralight is as much a mindset as it is an active market. There are many DIY methods to go ultralight for even less money than what this list provides, but those items are generally a better fit for well-seasoned backpackers who know exactly what they want and how to go about doing it. That's not what this list is about. While you may find one or two relatively simple DIY items, this list is more about finding affordable off-the-shelf items that are of good quality. No, I am not the first to make a list of this variety, but I do feel that this list is one of the most comprehensive lists you'll find of the sort. This is a living and breathing resource, so what you see here is hopefully up-to-date with the latest industry info available. If you have any comments or suggestions then feel free to reach out to me, my contact form can be found here.

I hope this guide makes your introduction to backpacking a bit less cumbersome. Most importantly, I hope this enables you to get outside and experience the wonderful world you've always wished you could see.

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DISCIPLINE

One of the biggest hurdles for beginner backpackers is the thought of carrying a heavy load of gear for many miles over grueling terrain, just to camp somewhere in the backcountry. The amount of effort required seems substantial, especially when considering that many car camping spots are phenomenally beautiful in their own right. After all, if you have a great time at camp but are miserable while lugging a pack for the greater part of a day, then is it really worth it? It's a fair question and deserves a response that isn't crafted by a machismo drive to carry heavy things. And the truth is, carrying excessively heavy loads is a fairly amateurish approach to backpacking. Nearly every AT or PCT thru-hiker you ever meet will tell you they ended with a lighter pack than when they started. It's not some new trend, either. Let's step back a few feet, and look at the bigger picture - your entire experience outdoors.

Ultralight is about carrying as much as you need to get fulfillment from all parts of your outdoor experience. While that sentence can be interpreted in two entirely different ways, an emphasis should be placed on the word "need" and how it isn't the word "want". Ultralight is a minimalist perspective on backpacking and about ridding yourself of excess material items in order to experience more of what you actually went out there to see. A good way to look at this is to think of wants as being camp luxuries that will unnecessarily make the hiking portion of your journey more burdensome.

Many times, people pack for the destination without much consideration of the journey.

This guide will help you pack for the journey.

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THE BIG THREE

(and four)

I would strongly advise you don't skimp on the Big 3 Items: Bag, Tent, Pack - in that order.

  • BAG or QUILT provides you with warmth. This is the most important as it will keep you away from hypothermia. Hypothermia becomes a factor at temperatures as high as 50F (10C) in dry weather, and even warmer (60-70F) if it's wet or humid. Don't try to 'tough it out'; a poor nights sleep will lead to a poor hike and a poor overall experience. Absolutely DO NOT rely on a campfire for warmth. There are many cases when campfires are not possible and/or prohibited by your local service. Additionally, you can't tend to a fire while you're sleeping.

    • Quilts are a growing trend in the backpacking world, because it removes excess fabric and unused insulation making the bag lighter, cheaper, and more comfortable. This is done by removing most of the bottom insulation. Why do this? Well, when insulation is compressed, it cannot loft. Loft is required in down and synthetic fibers to provide insulation. As a result, any compressed insulation underneath you does not provide loft and cannot keep you warm. It's better to remove that section of the bag, make the bag less restrictive (more comfortable) and use your sleeping pad to provide insulation. What results is what is referred to as a "quilt". Unlike your quilt at home, most backpacking quilts use highly technical fabrics (like their sleeping bag counterparts) and high-end goose down to provide a lot of insulation at minimal weight. Additionally, backpacking quilts typically have a closed footbox, an open torso, and straps to latch onto your sleeping pad so that you don't slide off your pad in the middle of the night. Quilts are a fairly major innovation in the backpacking world and are starting to make their way into more mainstream manufacturers... but the cottage mfgs like Enlightened Equipment, HammockGear, and Katabatic Gear seem to already have it optimized. The HG Burrow Econ on this list is arguably the best-value quilt money can buy.

    • Synthetic insulation - If you are opposed to using down for religious or personal reasons, I would recommend looking into Synthetic quilts using Climashield APEX synthetic insulation, as it is some of the lightest synthetic insulation around (next to Patagonia Fullrange). Keep in mind that synthetic items don't compress nearly as well as their down counterparts (even the best synthetics are still 50-100% larger than 800fp down with the same temp rating), and you will definitely need a larger pack to accommodate it. In the past, synthetics have been recommended more for activities involving water, because they still retain some of their insulating properties even when soaking wet. Most down is treated these days to avoid this trouble, but in any case, you should protect your insulation from getting wet because it performs best when dry.

    • I have added an Enlightened Equipment (EE) Revelation APEX to the Alternative List for people looking for synthetic insulation. EE is one of the best in the business, and their 30F quilt weighs in at 24oz at a price of $185. If you swap this in for the HG Econ burrow, your kit will still be sub-10lbs and just a touch over $500.

  • TENT provides you with shelter. This should keep you and your bag dry on a wet night. Don't rely on your skills as a woodsman. Building your own shelter likely violates Leave No Trace (LNT) principles and in many cases will not be possible with what's available to you.

    • There are two primary categories of tents - freestanding and non-freestanding (guy-line). Freestanding tents are typically heavier, but easier to set up and hassle free. Non-freestanding (guy-line tents) are much lighter and typically provide for a much tighter pitch, which usually makes them better in adverse conditions. It used to be that all freestanding tents were double-walled and all non-freestanding tents were single walled, but now the market has changed dramatically and you can find single, hybrid, or double walled tents in either category. The tent on this list is a non-freestanding, hybrid walled (80% double, 20% single) tent which uses two trekking poles to pitch. This is one of my favorite tent designs, and they offer it in three flavors using different materials for different price points.

  • PACK provides you the ability to comfortably carry your gear. The reason this comes third is because a poor quality pack usually causes discomfort whereas a poor quality bag or tent can cause a case of actual distress. There are multiple ways to get fitted for a pack in person and many guides online. Buy your pack last. Make sure you can fit all of your gear inside. Make sure you can wear it comfortably with all of your gear. If it doesn't fit right, then don't buy it or return it.

    • There are lots of pack manufacturers out there at various sizes. What size pack do you need? Well, if you follow this list to a T, you probably shouldn't try to fit your gear in anything smaller than 35L. And that's getting toward the absolute lower-limit of what I'd recommend for someone acquainting themselves with UL gear. For a UL-minded beginner, I'd typically recommend something in the 45-50L range with some type of hipbelt and light-duty internal frame. Roll-top closures are preferred in my eyes, as they allow you to easily expand and contract your useable space without worrying about slop or slosh.

    • Packs are like footwear, they all fit people differently. With packs, you're going to have to spend some time to find one you like. It's a little bit of a 'choose your own adventure', but I've tried to make this as accommodating as possible. It's really difficult to find a pack at a distinct price point that fits everyone, as manufacturers regularly modify their packs to stay current with market trends. Currently, I have the MyTrailCo 50L (nearly identical to a GoLite Jam 2, same designer), which will serve your purposes if you don't deviate from this list. However, I've found many people prefer something from a name brand found at REI, so on the Alternative List (found below) I have a pack listed as "Osprey Exos 38 OR Osprey Talon 44," which I would also highly recommend. The reason I have them both listed is because they will fit people differently and you will need to try these packs on at your local outdoor retailer to see which one you prefer. Both of these packs are lightweight, robust, and will accommodate a beginner who doesn't have their gear quite dialed in. If you decide to go with something else, try to stay somewhere around 30oz and 40L - always trim your pack of excess material to get to your desired weight. Other pack options include the Klymit Motion 35, the Granite Gear Virga 2, an AliExpress 50L UL pack, and others that can be found on the "alternative options list" for a lower price. REI, Campmor, Backcountry Edge, CampSaver, etc. regularly have 20% discounts - find one and use it for a big savings on this sort of thing.

"The Big Four"

The Big Three is sometimes seen as "The Big Four" to include a sleeping pad for cases whenever ground/soil temp drops below 60-65F and the pad becomes necessary insulation; a sleeping pad is included in this list for its insulation properties (R~2.5).

  • SLEEP PADS provide you with ground insulation. A cold ground will rob you of heat faster than you might expect. This is simply because the ground has a huge thermal mass relative to your body. As such, it's smart to sleep on an insulated pad to separate yourself from the cold ground. Sleeping pad insulation is measured in R-Value - to put it simply, the higher the R value, the greater the insulation. R 0-2 is for summer use (>50F), R 2-4 is ideal 3 season use (>30F), and R4+ is 4 season. It is possible for a pad to be too warm, so I generally try to carry a pad with a 2-4 rating, and if I winter camp I just bring an additional closed cell foam pad. R value is additive, so by stacking pads you will sum the R values.

    There are multiple sleeping pad styles, CCF (closed cell foam), inflatable, and self-inflating. I have yet to see an UL self-inflating pad with sufficient R value, so for the purposes of this let's focus on CCF vs. inflatable.

    • CCF = durable, lightweight, cheap, moderately warm (R 1.0 - 3.2)

    • Insulated inflatable = lightweight, comfortable, warmer (R 1.0 - 6.0)

    Some people will find the CCF to be too firm for use on hard surfaces, while others prefer the orthopedic feeling of lying on a firm surface after a long day - this is personal preference. Additionally, many people prefer to use small 3/4 length sleeping pads and rest their feet on top of their backpack for additional support under their feet, this also reduces foot swelling by elevating your feet a slight amount. If you aren't comfortable with this, it will cost a little more for a larger pad of the same design. I recommend practicing this at home before you decide to do this in the backcountry.

    On this list, I have preferenced the CCF Therm-A-Rest ZLite SOL because it is a tried and true pad that will deliver exactly what it promises as a CCF pad. The small can also be cut/folded and placed in your pack for additional back support. If you want an insulated inflatable option, I would recommend checking out the Klymit or Rikki Tikki on the Alternative List (link at the bottom of this guide) as other options. Klymit is a reputable brand and I even own one myself (but it's not my favorite pad), I don't know anything about Rikki Tikki other than they claim 18oz and R2.4 for $39, which is very competitive. Lastly a Therm-A-Rest RidgeRest will be a cheaper option than the ZLite SOL, but less versatile.

  • Pillow? - Use your extra clothes and down jacket. To keep it all from sliding around, slide a shirt over your sleeping pad and slip the clothes/pillow under the shirt. If you must take a dedicated pillow, the S2S knockoff in the Alternative list is a good option. A good night of sleep goes a long way for a good hike, so this is one of those luxuries I can understand - you need to answer this question for yourself.

-

Since the typical Ultralight practice is to keep the Big Three below 5 lbs, the Big Four below 6 lbs, and the Baseweight below 10 lbs, here are the metrics for that:

  • Shoestring Big 3 = 4.59 lbs
  • Shoestring Big 4 = 5.22 lbs
  • Shoestring BW = 8.81 lbs

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CLOTHING

After The Big Four, clothing is typically the second heaviest part of a backpackers base weight. Be smart and pack what you really need! A lot of people become concerned with having a fresh set of clothing for every day they're on the trail, this is way too much! For a trip of any duration, be it a weekend or a 7 day trip, I only pack 1 of each item except for 2 pairs of underwear, 2 pairs of socks and 2 upper baselayers, swapping them before bedtime so that I am sleeping in "fresh" clothing. You probably don't need more than this, but if you're concerned, a good rinse of your dirty baselayers, once you've cooled down from the day's activities, will get nearly all the stench out.

A good clothing system follows the method of layering. In my experience, there's no such thing as a do-it-all jacket. Here's the layering system from inside-out.

  • 1: Base layer: This is the layer closest to your skin. Its primary purpose is moisture management, and should wick sweat away from your body. Avoid cotton. Cotton is terrible at wicking moisture, has no insulation properties when wet, and can cause hypothermia in moderately chilly weather. More detail on that here.

  • 1.5: Secondary Mid Layer: This layer only becomes common in colder winter months, when a fleece is used here in addition to an insulation layer. I have not included this layer in this list, as it is typically not packed.

  • 2: Insulation / Mid Layer: This layer provides insulation and is where your down jacket comes in. On a cool night, you will usually only need your Base Layer and Insulation Layer.

  • 3: Shell / Outer Layer: This layer typically provides wind and/or rain protection and no insulating properties. In some cases this layer provides extra tear resistance / protection, but that usually comes at the cost of weight.

I've composed this list to require minimal buying of new clothes. With exception to outerwear and socks, most of what's required for clothing is already at home! If you are looking for technical base layers and garments, I'd recommend looking toward Steep&Cheap and Sierra Trading Post. As for outerwear, here are the three items I recommend for purchase that are specifically on this list:

  • Down Jacket: Down insulation is the lightest insulation you can find - this list contains a down jacket that is affordable, of decent quality, and lightweight. If at any point you get a little chilly in this jacket because of wind, pair it with your rain jacket warm up the system a little more.

    • Synthetic Option - Once again, if you are avoiding down, there are synthetic options available, albeit much less clear-cut. I'd encourage you to look at Montbell as they have some great quality and affordable items available. The same spiel about synthetic insulation from the quilt section applies here as well.

  • Rain Shell: A rain jacket will go a long way at keeping you warm and dry on a rainy day. The one included in this list is fully waterproof, but is not considered "waterproof breathable." Just keep in mind that this rain jacket will get muggy, there's not much you can do to avoid this aside from maybe cutting holes in the armpit areas. With good planning a rain jacket is not frequently used, and the Frogg Toggs below is commonly carried by even the most seasoned ultralighters.

  • Hiking Socks: I am a big advocate of wool hiking socks. They are champs at wicking sweat and dry quickly when compared to cotton. I wear wool hiking socks even on the warmest days - they're much more comfortable than cotton and synthetic in my personal experience. On warm days your feet will sweat no matter what socks you wear. That said, another popular method is the RJ Dress Sock method. The way this works, you wear 3 cheap thin synthetic dress socks on each foot. At the end of each day, you rotate your socks so a different "fresh" sock is on the inside, middle, and outside. This provides adequate padding and blister control, and it seems to be pretty effective.

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UTILITY ITEMS

A lot of these utility items need some clarification and additional detail to explain their purpose, so I'll go through those items one-by-one here.

  • Trekking Poles: Trekking poles make your hiking better. Plain and simple. They improve your posture, reduce fatigue, and make you feel like you can crush more miles. Don't believe me? Check out this study. Want more information? Read this article. Additionally, if you are using the tent I suggest below, you will need trekking poles to pitch the tent. Important Note: Avoid Square-Gaiting. Here is a video to explain proper trekking pole technique, and to avoid square-gaiting.

  • Y Stakes: Now, there are a lot of different stake varieties and brands out there, some good, some bad, but I'll help you cut through the crud and recommend this one - the MSR Mini Groundhog. The Groundhog and Mini Groundhog are both Y-stake designs that are quite versatile because they have considerably more surface area than a round peg of the same weight. Plain and simple, the Groundhog has been a do-it-all tent stake for a long time, and just recently MSR released the Mini Groundhog to appeal to the more ultralight mindset. They're made of 7075 Aluminum and are surprisingly rigid and resilient - I've never seen a broken one. There are a couple competing brands out there, so I'd recommend you watch this video to see what you're paying for with the MSR version as opposed to the knockoffs. Don't know how to stake-out your tent or hammock? Here's a good run-down, with particular emphasis on stake orientation. Lastly, here's perhaps my favorite video when it comes to guy-lines, made by the one of the best, /u/AndrewSkurka.

  • Headlamp: Critical and underrated piece of equipment here. This will let you see when the sun goes down! A flashlight will also suffice, but why not get one that just sticks to your head? Boom. Handsfree light at night. Easy peasy.

  • Lighter: Bring a lighter with you. Sure you can use a firesteel or whatever if you like the work... but a lighter is easier. You're bringing a stove anyway, just bring a lighter too.

  • Pack Liner: There's a good chance you'll be in the woods one day when it rains, and you're gonna want to make sure your clothes and sleeping bag stay dry while your pack gets poured on. Get a waterproof pack liner like a fumigation bag (on the list below) or a trash compactor bag to keep those critical contents away from the water.

  • Storage Bags: Keep all of your good food in one bag, and your trash / used toilet paper in the other. Label them accordingly.

  • Knife: Okay, so a knife. As much as I love knives, this is a completely optional item. There are few cases when using a large Ka-Bar type knife will ever be a necessity, because you will be following LNT principles on established trails. That said, there may be a case where you need to cut some tape or cut a bag open or want to whittle a stick, in which case a small multitool will do the job just fine. The SAK is the bread and butter here - scissors for cutting fingernails, 1.5" blade for multiuse light-duty cutting, a screwdriver for easy trekking pole adjustments, tweezers for splinters, and a toothpick to get that damn beef jerky out from between your teeth. It's really the perfect UL multitool.

  • Trowel: Does a bear sh*t in the woods? Dunno, but a backpacker probably does. Like it or not, at some point you will poop in the woods. Lucky for you, you've thought ahead! So here's the scoop on trowels... the MSR Blizzard Stake and the Deuce of Spades are both dual purpose trowel/stake and are the best options in my opinion. The Deuce of Spades is lighter and more versatile. Coghlan's Lightweight Trowel also works, but I recommend shaving the handle and the shovel down a bit because it's almost a foot long and you don't need that much shovel to dig a poop hole. Pick your poison; for this list I went with the cheapest option, which is a shaved down Coghlan's trowel - $2 and approx 1oz. Make sure to dig your hole at least 6 inches in depth and pack out your waste items. Some toilet papers are fully biodegradable and some claim to be, but aren't. For the sake of staying true to LNT, pack out your TP in your waste storage bag, as mentioned above. I suggest using natural materials to wipe where you can, and finish off with the TP so you don't have to use very much.

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COOK KIT

This is a pretty simple setup and many people are surprised by how small it really can be. You might be asking, “Why are these suggested but not required?” Well, that’s because some people prefer to forego the stove entirely by going “no-cook” and eating items that don’t require heating. For this list, I’m gonna assume you want a warm meal. Your cook kit comes down to three things: stove, fuel, and pot.

  • Pot: Let's start with the pot. You want a pot that is somewhere between 500-800mL in volume. This is pretty much the optimal range in pot size for 1-2 backpacking meals. Additionally, pots in this size range can usually store the entire mess kit inside. Another factor to consider other than size is material. Many high end pots are made of a thin titanium. This is because titanium doesn't conduct heat very well, meaning the handles and rim stay relatively cool while the bottom gets very hot - this makes it easy to handle and drink from immediately after cooking. Aluminum on the other hand is a strong conductor of heat, but much cheaper. If you're cooking from an aluminum pot, make sure to grip the pot with a bandana and be careful when sipping. The IMUSA pot I'm recommending is approximately 650mL in size and is made of aluminum.

  • Stove: The stove should operate no differently than a bunsen burner. There are various designs which make different efficiency and weight claims, but really, it's just a bunsen burner. Efficiency doesn’t really change much no matter the flame size you’re on; you just want to make sure the heat is being directed into the pot and not being dissipated elsewhere. I recommend the Monoprice Titanium stove or the BRS-3000T. The Monoprice is fully capable, weighs 48g, and is from a reliable American company. The BRS is a fully capable Chinese-made titanium stove that weighs only 25g. Lots of people remark on quality control issues with the BRS, but those issues usually become evident during the first test run of the stove. So make sure you test your stove before your first trip (and your other gear too). If your BRS stove doesn't work, simply return it and get another one that does. Personally, I replaced my old MSR Pocket Rocket with the BRS and it works great.

  • Fuel: The fuel in this case is a pressurized isobutane mixture (usually 80/20 isobutane/propane), sometimes referred to simply as "iso fuel." Note, this is not the same as propane, and comes in a different container. This is sold at virtually any outdoor store in most industrialized nations. If you’re going somewhere that might not have an REI or REI equivalent, I’d suggest a good multi-fuel stove like an MSR whisperlite international – but that is not UL and has no place on this list.

Windscreen and lid make your cooking game more efficient and are suggested, but not necessary. Long spoon is so you can eat your backpacking meal without getting your hands messy, but I guess it’s not required, either. No, you probably won't ever use a fork... or a spork... just get a spoon.

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FOOD & WATER

  • Food: There are various food solutions for backpackers, many of them involve rehydration of some sort of foodstuff. The quickest, easiest and lowest-barrier options are Freeze Dried / Dehydrated meals. There are multiple brands that make these, and truth be told, they’re all pretty good. Obviously it's not gonna be as good as a well made meal at home, but you didn't go into the backcountry for the table service... right? Mountain House, Alpine Aire, and Backpacker's Pantry are all on-par with each other in terms of flavor – there are some good ones and some bad ones, but generally you will finish feeling pretty satisfied. Those brands are also all around $7-$10 per package. Cottage brands such as Pack-It Gourmet tend to be higher quality and a little more affordable ($5-$9), but the major downside is that you have to order it online and pay for shipping - so plan ahead and buy a lot at once to keep price per meal low. There are other brands too, but the ones listed above are the brands I’m most familiar with. Feel free to explore other options.

    • The cheaper way to go about backcountry food is to find shelf-stable foodstuff that you like just as much, if not more. I gotta say that /u/AndrewSkurka is one of the better resources when it comes to a comprehensive guide to food, so I’m gonna plug his website here. Additionally, he also has a list of various backcountry recipes that will help keep your palate fresh.

  • Water Treatment: Let’s start off by saying there are 3 main contaminant types you have to be wary of in the backcountry: bacteria, protozoa, and viruses. Here’s the comprehensive CDC guide on backcountry water treatment. Cryptosporidium and Giardia are the most talked about trip-ruiners and both are protozoa; they both have similar symptoms which can take up to two weeks to manifest themselves.

    • In the past I used iodine water treatment, Polar Pure to be exact, but have since moved to a Sawyer Mini Filter as it is a little more convenient to be able to drink water as soon as it's been processed, whereas most iodine water treatments require you to wait 30 mins or so before consuming. Regardless of what you choose, as long as you use a trail-proven method of treating water from a relatively clean source, you should be okay. Be smart. If the water doesn’t already look mostly clean before filtering it, try and avoid it. If it's silty, you will probably need to use your bandana as a pre-filter to get most of the grit out. And don't feel invincible, backcountry water treatment options won’t do anything to filter out chemicals or toxins... and no salt water. Lastly, remember to get your water from a moving source – if the source is relatively slow or stagnant, it makes it easy for bugs to deposit larvae and other organic matter you don’t want to consume. I always try to fill up at a point where fast moving water separates from a rock it is flowing over. A ‘mini-waterfall’, if you will.

    • Boiling water is a really good method, but don't rely on it except when you're preparing meals. You aren't going to want to break out your stove and boil water for 10 mins every time you need to refill your water bottle. Also, remember that when boiling you need to be at a rolling boil for 1 min @ sea level / 3 min @ 6500ft (interpolate from those numbers) in order to kill pathogens.

  • Water bottles: Forget the Nalgene. For whatever reason, the Nalgene has become ubiquitous for ‘outdoor water bottle’. Don't get me wrong, it’s a great general-use water bottle, hell, I love my Nalgene! But not for backpacking. The Nalgene weighs in at 6.2 oz with a capacity of 1L. You generally want to carry 2L of water capacity with you for most hikes, so this means with Nalgene you'd be carrying 12.4oz for a container to put your water in. In contrast, two 1L Smart Water bottles weigh in at 2.2oz… you just made your pack 10.2 oz lighter by switching away from a typical Nalgene! See how easy this is?

    • The same applies to CamelBaks, they weigh a lot for their purpose (2L Crux weighs 7oz, dry - older models can weigh twice this). They’re also generally carried inside the bag, which puts you at risk of getting your insulation/clothes wet in the event you spring a leak at the hose fitting... and they're a huge hassle to take out of your pack for a refill at a stream. If you absolutely must have a hose system, a much simpler and cheaper solution is a soft sided bottle (1.1oz) + a platypus accessory hose (2oz), invert the water bottle and carry it on the outside of your bag in the water bottle pouch. You just saved at least 4oz, $15, and reduced your risk by switching to a simpler external hose system.

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MED KIT

I wanted to spend some time to talk about what specifically is in my med kit, so you can understand my thinking. I specifically look for pills in differing colors so I can easily identify them.

  • 20 pills of Ibuprofen (250mg /pill = 5000mg), orange oval pill - NSAID. Pain reliever, fever reducer, reduced swelling.

  • 10 pills of Tylenol (250mg / pill = 2500mg), red circular pill - Pain reliever that doesn't thin blood in case of injury (concussion, open wound). Also, In case I run out of IBP and need more pain relief (usually because of sharing).

  • 15 pills of Benedryl (25mg / pill = 375mg), hot pink oval pill - Sleep aid, allergies, and stings!

  • 10 chewable tabs of Pepto Bismol (bismuth, the wonder-element), light pink chewable circular tab - Antimicrobial. Helps cure stomach/GI issues

  • 10 tablets of Imodium, light teal oval pill – this will prevent water loss if you have excessive diarrhea, but one should show preference to Pepto as it is antimicrobial. Imodium will make you hold on to whatever stomach bug you have for longer, so use it as a means to prevent dehydration.

  • Small tube of Lotrimin - Anti-fungal cream. No one wants to say they'll need it, until they need it. (s/o to /u/Natural_Law for this suggestion)

  • Bandaids/blister stuff - Cuts, scrapes, blisters, etc.

  • Medical tape / finger tape - Compression for reduced swelling, also can come in handy with stabilizing a rolled ankle

  • Antibiotic ointment packets (2 or 3, really light) - Use these when you have cuts. Prevent infection.

Comes in at about 2oz and I've used it every single time I've been on the trail either for me, for someone else, or both.

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Other Options

Some people wanted other options, so here are two more lists...

Alternative Options List

link - The "Alternative Options" list might have other options that are less durable, more expensive and/or heavier, and are generally deemed to be less optimized in some respect. That being said, these items sometimes make for nice substitutes to the primary list if you're looking to save on weight and/or price, at the cost of quality and/or durability.

Hammock Shelter + Alcohol Stove Options

link - I have made another list with a Hammock Shelter and Alcohol Stove style cook kit. These are frequently requested kit options that can usually be swapped out relatively quickly. Keep in mind:

  • Hammocks are typically heavier and less versatile than tents (requires trees to pitch), but many argue it's much more comfortable and worth the few extra grams. Shug Emery is a hardcore hammocker and swears by it ("wooo buddy!!"). That said, I personally camp in a tent. Different strokes!

  • Alcohol stoves are generally lighter than canister stoves, however, they are prohibited in many forests during heightened fire restrictions due to the fact that they are considered an "open flame," meaning it cannot be regulated by a valve. Canister stoves are also seen as more reliable, easier to use, and more efficient. All that being said, alcohol stoves weigh much less because they don't need a heavy pressurized canister to store the fuel, nor do they need metal fittings and valves to operate. What they lack in efficiency is made up for in package weight savings. In many cases, a full alcohol stove kit will weigh a fraction of a canister stove kit counterpart.

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Prices

The prices I have listed should be relatively up-to-date, but since creating this list in Spring 2016 I have noticed that some vendors raise the prices of select items a few $ here and there - especially after I link them and drive business (looking at you, AliExpress). I try to keep the links fresh with the best price I can find from a major online retailer, but if you see a large price discrepancy between the price below and the list price, it might be worth searching around a bit on your own. I would recommend using a price aggregator like Google Shopping to help you on your search. I'm only one person and I can only do so much.

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...anything else?

If you've made it this far and like what you've read, then buy me a beer! As you might expect, the content featured here takes a lot of time to put together and I do not accept money from manufacturers to shill their products on this list. You're getting my actual thoughts and opinions. Your contribution is a nice "thank you", but I won't be upset if you can't donate either. I'm just glad you're here.

> buy me a beer.

or via PayPal: macon@macon.me

(don't forget to specify the brewery)

If you have any questions, feel free to reach out to me, my contact form can be found here.

And that's about it...

Now, let's get to the list!

Final Disclaimer: Please be diligent in your gear research and become educated on your outdoor endeavors. Test all of your gear before your first trip. This guide is simply meant to provide guidance, and is not meant to replace critical thinking. Further, it is not meant to replace high quality gear, rather it's meant to enable people to get outdoors at lower cost. Educate yourself, make good decisions, and don't use gear outside of its intended use. Be responsible - I am not liable for your mistakes.
Copyright © 2018 macon. All Rights Reserved

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Star Notation

(displayed next to item price)

  • RED STAR = Critical Item / Necessity
  • YELLOW STAR = Suggested Item / Depends on conditions
  • GREEN STAR = Completely Optional - price not included on list

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Total Price: $533

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